Data Resampling is a technique used in Data Science to adjust the size or distribution of a dataset. It involves modifying the existing dataset by either increasing or decreasing the number of data points. If you want to learn how to resample a dataset, this article is for you. In this article, I’ll take you through a complete guide to Data Resampling using Python.
What is Data Resampling?
Data Resampling is a technique used to adjust the size or distribution of a dataset. It involves modifying the existing dataset by either increasing or decreasing the number of data points. Data resampling is primarily employed to address issues like class imbalance, where one class has significantly fewer samples than another, or to prepare data for training machine learning models.
Here are some ways Data Resampling helps:
- Class Imbalance Correction: It helps correct class imbalance issues in classification tasks. It ensures that each class has an appropriate representation in the dataset, preventing the model from being biased towards the majority class.
- Model Training and Validation: Resampling techniques can help ensure that models are trained and validated on datasets with a balanced distribution of classes. It leads to more reliable and unbiased model evaluations.
- Enhanced Generalization: It can improve a model’s ability to generalize to new, unseen data, especially for underrepresented classes, by providing more learning examples.
Data Resampling Techniques
There are two primary techniques for resampling:
- Random Oversampling: In this method, random instances from the minority class are duplicated to match the number of instances in the majority class. While simple, it can lead to overfitting.
- SMOTE (Synthetic Minority Over-sampling Technique): SMOTE generates synthetic samples for the minority class by interpolating between existing instances. It creates new data points that are combinations of neighbouring data points in feature space.
- ADASYN (Adaptive Synthetic Sampling): ADASYN is an extension of SMOTE that focuses on generating synthetic samples for difficult-to-learn instances by giving more weight to them.
- Random Undersampling: Randomly removes instances from the majority class to match the number of instances in the minority class. It may result in information loss if too many instances are removed.
- Cluster Centroids: This method identifies clusters in the majority class and replaces them with their centroids, effectively reducing the number of instances in the majority class.
Data Resampling using Python
Now, let’s see how to resample a dataset using Python by implementing a data resampling technique. Here, I will first create an imbalanced dataset, and then I will implement SMOTE to resample the data to transform it into a balanced dataset.
Here’s how to implement SMOTE for data resampling using Python:
import numpy as np import pandas as pd # Install imbalanced-learn using: pip install imbalanced-learn from imblearn.over_sampling import SMOTE # Create a sample imbalanced dataset with two classes (0 and 1) np.random.seed(42) X = np.random.rand(100, 2) y = np.array( * 90 +  * 10) # Apply SMOTE to generate synthetic samples for the minority class smote = SMOTE(sampling_strategy='auto') X_resampled, y_resampled = smote.fit_resample(X, y) # Print the class distribution after SMOTE print("Class Distribution after SMOTE:") print(pd.Series(y_resampled).value_counts())
Class Distribution after SMOTE: 0 90 1 90 dtype: int64
In this code, we created a sample imbalanced dataset with two classes (0 and 1). We then applied SMOTE from the imbalanced-learn library to generate synthetic samples for the minority class. The sampling_strategy parameter is set to auto, which ensures that the number of synthetic samples created is equal to the number of samples in the majority class, thereby balancing the class distribution.
So, this is how you can use SMOTE for data resampling using Python. You can learn about many more such Machine Learning concepts and algorithms from my book on Machine Learning algorithms.
So, Data Resampling is a technique used to adjust the size or distribution of a dataset. It involves modifying the existing dataset by either increasing or decreasing the number of data points. Resampling is primarily employed to address issues like class imbalance, where one class has significantly fewer samples than another, or to prepare datasets for training machine learning models. I hope you liked this article on Data Resampling using Python. Feel free to ask valuable questions in the comments section below.