Programming Languages used by Google

You must have heard that JavaScript is currently the most popular programming language, and Python is one of the popular languages among Data Scientists. Just like that, every programming language is being used in the industry somewhere it is best. So what programming languages do Google uses? If you want to know about the programming languages that Google is using in the front-end and the back-end, then this article is for you. In this article, I will take you through all the programming languages that Google is using today as a Search Engine.

Programming Languages used by Google


The front-end of Google contains:

  1. a search bar to type
  2. an audio recorder to listen if the user wants to search from his voice
  3. and the logo of Google

It’s a very simple interface so that the user can get a better search experience. So Google uses two languages for its front-end:

  1. JavaScript: JavaScript is currently the most popular programming language. It is an important part of every web application as it provides so many features to turn a web application into a powerful platform;
  2. TypeScript: TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript to add optional static typing. It is developed and maintained by Microsoft for developing large web platforms.

So JavaScript and TypeScript are two programming languages used by Google for its front-end.


Many algorithms and processes run at the back-end of Google when a user is searching for a query. The entire process of the back-end of Google search can be divided into three steps:

  1. Crawling: searching the web for the perfect results;
  2. Indexing: If it finds a new or updated web page, it indexes every paragraph, image, video and other files in its database;
  3. Serving search results: Finally, Google uses machine learning algorithms to determine the best possible results based on the user’s search query.

Now below are all the languages used by Google at the back-end:

  1. C++: C++ is one of the fastest programming languages, it is mainly used by Google to rank the search results;
  2. Java: Java is an object-oriented programming language. Many Google developers are familiar with Java, so it is also preferred by Google in the back-end, specifically for networking;
  3. Golang: Golang is a programming language designed by Google. It is similar to C, with more features like memory security, garbage collection, and structural typing;
  4. Python: Google uses Python for machine learning to find the most perfect results and to build web crawler APIs;
  5. PHP: PHP is a general-purpose scripting language designed for web development. There are a lot of rumors that PHP is no longer in use, but the reality is that it is still used by Google and many other web platforms in the back-end.

So C++, Java, Golang, Python, and PHP are the programming languages used by Google in the back-end.


Google uses JavaScript and TypeScript in the front-end, and C++, Java, Golang, Python, and PHP in the back-end. I hope you now know about all the programming languages that Google uses as a search engine. I hope you liked this article on programming languages used by Google. Feel free to ask your valuable questions in the comments section below.

Aman Kharwal
Aman Kharwal

I'm a writer and data scientist on a mission to educate others about the incredible power of data📈.

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