Data Science Project on Area and Population

In this project we’ll use the size of points to indicate the area and populations of California cities. We would like a legend that specifies the scale of the sizes of the points, and we’ll accomplish this by plotting some labeled data with no entries.

You can download the dataset required for this project from here.

import pandas as pd
cities = pd.read_csv("california_cities.csv")
# extracting the data we ar interested in
latitude, longitude = cities["latd"], cities["longd"]
population, area = cities["population_total"], cities["area_total_km2"]
# to scatter the points, using size and color but without label
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import seaborn
plt.scatter(longitude, latitude, label=None, c=np.log10(population),
            cmap='viridis', s=area, linewidth=0, alpha=0.5)
plt.clim(3, 7)
# now we will craete a legend, we will plot empty lists with the desired size and label
for area in [100, 300, 500]:
    plt.scatter([], [], c='k', alpha=0.3, s=area, label=str(area) + 'km$^2$')
plt.legend(scatterpoints=1, frameon=False, labelspacing=1, title='City Areas')
plt.title("Area and Population of California Cities")
Aman Kharwal
Aman Kharwal

I'm a writer and data scientist on a mission to educate others about the incredible power of data📈.

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